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Cannabis 101

Cannabis Strains 101: Important Facts for First-Time Users

Since the legalization of medicinal marijuana in 33 US states and other countries, the popularity of cannabis has soared, and researchers are starting to experiment with different cannabis strains to discover more medicinal wonders.

Daniel King

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Cannabis Strains
Since the legalization of medicinal marijuana in 33 US states and other countries, the popularity of cannabis has soared, and researchers are starting to experiment with different cannabis strains to discover more medicinal wonders.

Major Cannabis Strains

Cannabis is divided into three major cannabis strains: sativa, indica, and hybrid. Each strain has specific characteristics and different effects on users. As a medicinal weed user, it is important to know the difference between these to avoid unpleasant or undesirable experiences.

• Sativa

Physical characteristics The Sativa plant grows in countries near the equator. They thrive in places where the length of the day is fairly consistent all year round. This species is often cultivated in places like Thailand, Mexico, and southern Africa. Growing as high as 20 feet, this strain is ideal for cultivating outdoors. On average, this plant takes six months to fully mature and has 60 to 90 days of flowering time. Its light green leaves are thin and narrow. Medicinal properties Sativa has properties that can uplift a person’s mood. This plant also contains substances that can sharpen focus, increase creativity and make people more alert. You can use sativa to relieve symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and depression. It can also clear creative blocks and fatigue. The plant can also stimulate the production of serotonin which regulates mood, sleep, and appetite. With the plants stimulating properties, this is best used during the day.

• Indica

Physical characteristics Indica plants prefer the harsher climates of mountainous regions. They originate from the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and Central Asia. These plants are shorter and bushier compared to sativa enabling them to survive the harsher conditions. This plant also takes less time to mature compared to sativa and has a shorter flowering time (45 to 60 days on average). With its shorter stature and a faster flowering time, this strain is ideal for indoor cultivation. Its leaves have a darker green hue and are thicker and wider than sativa. Medicinal properties Indica contains chemicals that calm and soothe the body, making it the perfect companion for relaxation and meditation. It also has properties that relieve stress and anxiety. The combination of these effects means that indica has a drowsy effect that can send people to sleep. It can also provide relief from chronic and recurring pain, which makes this plant ideal for night use.

• Hybrid

Although both strains have been around for millennia, pure sativa and pure indica plants are now extremely rare. Most strains today are a combination of the two species. They are sativa-dominant, indica-dominant or balanced and, as technology has progressed, scientists have been able to produce hybrid strains too.

100 Marijuana Strains

Through modern science, you can now buy around 100 different marijuana strains containing different quantities of sativa, indica, and hybrids. They are classified into three types: sativa-dominant, hybrid (balanced), and indica-dominant. Each has its own distinct curative properties and effects on the body. Here are just a few examples of the different strains:

Sativa-dominant

  • Acapulco Gold
  • Strawberry Cough
  •  Sour Diesel
  •  Panama Red
  •  Tangle

Indica-dominant

  • 9 Pound Hammer
  • Berry White
  • Grape Ape
  • Presidential OG
  • Willy’s Wonder

Hybrid

  • Afghan Haze
  • Blue Dream
  • OG Kush
  • Trainwreck
  • White Widow
For more information on these strains and their effects, you can visit different cannabis website.

Use Marijuana Strains with Caution

Take note that medicinal marijuana has not yet been legalized at federal level in the US. This means that you can only buy and use them in 33 states. You might face criminal charges in states where it has not yet been decriminalized. Moreover, doctors and experts still caution users to use this drug in moderation. Just like any other medicine, it has potential side-effects. So, be sure to consult health professionals  first before trying any strain.
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Cannabis 101

Cannabis Is In A Situation Of Change

Carissa Stevens

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Cannabis is in a situation of change. Although the recreational use of marijuana is still far from being well seen but more are preparing joints over a weed rolling tray and, even more, legalized, in most societies around the world the use of medicinal cannabis to fight different diseases and ailments is increasingly accepted; and there are already many countries that have legalized marijuana for this type of use. Even so, as it is a new paradigm, the number of studies on cannabis is still small, and research is needed to guarantee its use and convenience depending on each case.

The CBD Craze

At this point, the medicinal properties of CBD (cannabidiol), the second main component of cannabis after THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), is already well known. This substance is used to stabilize the endocannabinoid system of the body, combat stress, facilitate sleep, alleviate muscle and joint pain. Despite many of CBD properties seem indicated for the classic symptoms during this period, it seems that there are unknown consequences on its use.

CBD for nausea, pains and sleep problems

First of all, to consume marijuana to fight nausea, pains and sleep problems, you have to make sure it is without THC. There are many cannabis derivatives in the market with concentrated CBD that, in small doses, could help to cope better with the upbringing of a baby, but the few studies carried out in this regard discourage exposing the fetus to new substances to which it may not be prepared.

It is possible that in the future consuming CBD is completely safe and helps to alleviate the side effects of it, but for now the lack of studies invites to avoid cannabis use during this phase of life. However, in cases of extremely complicated issues, CBD oils or other derivatives could be more effective and natural than any other pill. In any case, it is a personal decision.

Recommendation

Be that as it may, there are a number of recommendations for consuming CBD. It is crucial to ensure that it comes from organic crops, without the use of pesticides or other chemicals. Also, that the product has been tested by a trusted laboratory. The consumption of THC and the pulmonary route is totally inadvisable, although vaporizers are not a bad option.

The THC Hype

If you are a cannabis smoker or if you have ever consumed it, it is likely that you have experienced a temporary memory loss or have felt more forgetful. There is a scientific reason that explains this phenomenon, and is directly related to the different types of memory of the human being.

There is a single neurotransmitter that intervenes in all types of memory, from short-term memory, through verbal or spatial memory. It is acetylcholine, which intervenes, for example, in diseases such as dementia or Alzheimer’s, or others related to memory loss.

THC for memory

All memory problems are related to the number of acetylcholines. Whether it is higher or lower than optimal levels, it can lead to memory problems such as those mentioned above. To maintain these levels stable there is an enzyme, acetyltransferase.

Cannabis THC inhibits acetyltransferases, interfering in its work as stabilizers and causing an increase in the number of acetylcholines. This is positive in the cases of those people who need an increase of these neurotransmitters, but harmful if you do not need more. That’s why THC can affect negatively in the short-term memory, specifically.

However, no study so far has concluded that THC consumption has an impact on long-term memory. That is, you will only experience a small loss of memory while you are high, not after. This is due to CBD, which counteracts the effects of THC and stabilizes the level of acetylcholine.

Side Notes

A research was conducted and has analyzed the brains of mice that began to administer THC chronically during the considered critical period for the development of their brain, which in people corresponds to adolescence. In the study of the cerebral cortex of these mice, researchers have detected alterations in the serotonin 2A receptor, the main responsible for the hallucinations characteristic of psychosis and schizophrenia. In particular, researchers have found that this receptor increases its functionality after chronic treatment with cannabis products.

The researchers have discovered the alterations that occur in the neurons of the cerebral cortex of mice treated chronically with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This study opens ways to generate prevention strategies, as well as the design of drugs and therapies to improve the lives of people with schizophrenia.

The final aim of the study is to identify the existence of similar molecular changes in people who use cannabis to be able to relate them to the development of psychosis or schizophrenia. On the other hand, this research opens the way to the creation of new drugs that improve the symptomatology of patients with schizophrenia.

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Cannabis 101

What is Kratom: A Quick & Dirty Guide

Stacey Wellington

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what is kratom - guide

More and more individuals are looking for healthy and natural alternatives to medications. While this does not mean that such options will replace medicines, the presence of naturally occurring substitutes can benefit patients. Just look at the impact of cannabis is the medical community, which is now being studied as a safer and less addictive replacement to opioids.

Kratom is one of the naturally occurring options to some medications. Those who are in search of healthy and safe alternatives but are not familiar with this plant should take a look at the guide below:

Introducing the Plant

Kratom or Mitragyna speciosa, is a tropical tree found in parts of Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. It belongs to the botanical family Rubiaceae. There are three varieties of this tree such as those with white, red and green leaf veins. Each type contains varying levels of chemical compounds that gives it psychoactive effects.

Those with green leaf veins are known to give uplifting effects, which offers a boost of energy. Meanwhile, those with red veins are known for is sedating property. In some Southeast Asian cultures, this plant Is consumed as an intoxicant or as medicine. It can be consumed fresh or dried. Its leaves can be chewed fresh or it can be brewed into teas. It also comes in pill or tablet form.

Aside from its activating and sedative effects, these leaves are also known for being an analgesic and mood enhancers. When used for its medical properties, it can help in relieving pain and addressing sleep issues.

Kratom and other Similar Plants

Now that you know what this plant is and its effects, you might be wondering how it compares with other plants such as cannabis. Like cannabis, kratom is known for its psychoactive properties. Both are also used in folk medicine in various cultures because of their pain-relieving, uplifting and sedative effects. They also come from a family of flowering plants, and they have varieties that are valued for their respective medicinal and recreational effects.

However, they share some differences. The most obvious is that cannabis is becoming more mainstream and is even incorporated in federal and state legislations. Moreover, cannabis comes from the family cannabaceae, while kratom belongs in the family rubiaceae.

Speaker of families, did you know that kratom and coffee are related? They both belong in the family rubiaceae. They both have energy boosting and mood-enhancing attributes. Both are also rich in anti-oxidants. Kratom, however, has a sedative property. It also has a pain-relieving attribute, which coffee also has but to a limited extent.

Legislation Regarding Kratom

We all know that cannabis is federally a Schedule I drug as per the Controlled Substances Act. It has also been legalized for medical use in more than 30 states and for recreational use in 11 of those, including DC.

Kratom is legal in almost all states except Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wisconsin. In some states, it is fully legal, but in some prohibit it in some counties and cities. However, some are proposing that it should be included in the list of Schedule I drugs.

Internationally speaking, the legality of this plant varies. Some countries such as Australia, Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Russia and Poland do not allow the consumption of this plant.

Conclusion

Kratom can be the next big thing when it comes to naturally occurring alternatives. While no significant researches have been conducted, unlike in the case of cannabis, it might be worth considering, especially for scientists and those who are looking for natural options.

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Benefits of Medical Marijuana

Kratom – Benefits, Uses, and Dosage

Jordan Webber

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Kratom

Curious about Kratom? Perhaps, you might have encountered the term while scrolling online. Or maybe, you’ve heard it somewhere and got curious on what the word refers to.

Often, for people who are familiar with the Southeast Asian culture, Kratom may originally refer to the herbal supplement used traditionally by the masses to relieve aches and pains in the past. However, to date, the identity of Kratom has become more complicated than that.

Specifically, from an herbal supplement, the plant shifted to a recreational drug often used to elevate mode, boost physical endurance, and even relieve opioid withdrawal symptoms.

Below, we have rounded up everything you need to know about this traditional herbal medicine, along with its benefits, uses, and dosage. Read on to know more.

What is Kratom?

Essentially, the term Kratom refers to a type of evergreen tree found in Thailand, Myanmar, Philippines and other South Asian countries.

What gave the tree a special status is its leaves, which are used as medicine and as recreational drug when chopped, chewed, or made into tea.

Are there Benefits Attached to Consuming Kratom?

Specifically, the leaves of Kratom contains two potent alkaloids, named the mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. When ingested, these alkaloids can produce euphoria and provide pain relieving, anti-inflammatory, and muscle relaxant effects.

Due to this, the plant has been used traditionally by local labourers in Asia to combat fatigue and relieve pain that come with their day-to-day tasks

However, that is just the beginning.

Soon, due to the plant’s mood-boosting effects, it was later adapted to become an alternative med to treating mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Its sedative feature, which evokes feelings of euphoria, also made it an ideal treatment to ease withdrawal symptoms from illicit drug use.

How Much Kratom Should One Take?

Generally, consuming Kratom can lead to either a stimulant or sedative effect.

To achieve the first one, it is advised to take the substance in low doses, usually lower than 10 grams. When this happens, people who take the plant are expected to feel a boost in their energy, alertness, and giddiness. However, similar to the ‘high’ effect associated with marijuana, kratom consumption also leads to reduced motor coordination.

The effects are said to usually start within 10 minutes after ingesting the plant and can last up to one and half hour.

Meanwhile, when taken in larger dose, usually between 10 to 25 grams, users are to experience kratom’s sedative effect, which are often described with general feelings of calmness and euphoria lasting up to six hours.

Why Is It Banned in Other Countries?

Generally, while there is good anecdotal emerging evidence that kratom are effective in relieving withdrawal symptoms, there are also a few studies suggesting that using the herbal medicine can lead to the development of another addiction.

In one particular study, for instance, people who took kratom for over six months were reported to had experienced withdrawal symptoms similar to those that occur after opioid use.

Other side effects also often linked to the drug include constipation, severe weight loss, insomnia, and loss of appetite.

Because of these, kratom remains to be a controversial medicine in the science field.

What Now?

To date, with still no sufficient clinical and rigorous studies focusing on kratom, its benefits remain to be deeply anecdotal.

However, despite this, many proponents still believe that the true medicinal potential of the herbal medicine is still yet to be unveiled.

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