Since the legalization of medicinal marijuana in 33 US states and other countries, the popularity of cannabis has soared, and researchers are starting to experiment with different cannabis strains to discover more medicinal wonders.

Major Cannabis Strains

Cannabis is divided into three major strains: sativa, indica, and hybrid. Each strain has specific characteristics and different effects on users. As a medicinal weed user, it is important to know the difference between these to avoid unpleasant or undesirable experiences.

• Sativa

Physical characteristics
The Sativa plant grows in countries near the equator. They thrive in places where the length of the day is fairly consistent all year round. This species is often cultivated in places like Thailand, Mexico, and southern Africa. Growing as high as 20 feet, this strain is ideal for cultivating outdoors. On average, this plant takes six months to fully mature and has 60 to 90 days of flowering time. Its light green leaves are thin and narrow.

Medicinal properties
Sativa has properties that can uplift a person’s mood. This plant also contains substances that can sharpen focus, increase creativity and make people more alert. You can use sativa to relieve symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADD) and depression. It can also clear creative blocks and fatigue. The plant can also stimulate the production of serotonin which regulates mood, sleep, and appetite. With the plants stimulating properties, this is best used during the day.

• Indica

Physical characteristics
Indica plants prefer the harsher climates of mountainous regions. They originate from the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and Central Asia. These plants are shorter and bushier compared to sativa enabling them to survive the harsher conditions. This plant also takes less time to mature compared to sativa and has a shorter flowering time (45 to 60 days on average). With its shorter stature and a faster flowering time, this strain is ideal for indoor cultivation. Its leaves have a darker green hue and are thicker and wider than sativa.

Medicinal properties
Indica contains chemicals that calm and soothe the body, making it the perfect companion for relaxation and meditation. It also has properties that relieve stress and anxiety. The combination of these effects means that indica has a drowsy effect that can send people to sleep. It can also provide relief from chronic and recurring pain, which makes this plant ideal for night use.

• Hybrid

Although both strains have been around for millennia, pure sativa and pure indica plants are now extremely rare. Most strains today are a combination of the two species. They are sativa-dominant, indica-dominant or balanced and, as technology has progressed, scientists have been able to produce hybrid strains too.

100 Marijuana Strains

Through modern science, you can now buy around 100 different marijuana strains containing different quantities of sativa, indica, and hybrids. They are classified into three types: sativa-dominant, hybrid (balanced), and indica-dominant. Each has its own distinct curative properties and effects on the body. Here are just a few examples of the different strains:

Sativa-dominant

  • Acapulco Gold
  • Strawberry Cough
  •  Sour Diesel
  •  Panama Red
  •  Tangle

Indica-dominant

  • 9 Pound Hammer
  • Berry White
  • Grape Ape
  • Presidential OG
  • Willy’s Wonder

Hybrid

  • Afghan Haze
  • Blue Dream
  • OG Kush
  • Trainwreck
  • White Widow

For more information on these strains and their effects, you can visit different cannabis website.

Use Marijuana Strains with Caution

Take note that medicinal marijuana has not yet been legalized at federal level in the US. This means that you can only buy and use them in 33 states. You might face criminal charges in states where it has not yet been decriminalized.

Moreover, doctors and experts still caution users to use this drug in moderation. Just like any other medicine, it has potential side-effects. So, be sure to consult health professionals  first before trying any strain.