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CBD: Its Legality, Efficacy and the Need For Quality Control

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ACT Legalizes Recreational Cannabis

The last decade has seen a major transformation of the CBD industry. The cannabis byproduct has made itself a part of almost every household, with its therapeutic properties. Whether we talk about recreational users or medicinal, CBD is becoming a rage. Products like CBD capsules for chronic pain and anxiety are rowing popular with time.

While the industry is progressing by leaps and bounds, there are still many questions lingering around. If you are also wondering about the legality, efficacy, and need for quality control of the CBD products you buy, you are in the right place. Read on and find the answer to all your questions.

The legal framework around CBD:

People have been using the cannabis plant and its byproducts for centuries. They relied on the medicinal properties of CBD to treat wounds and also promote overall health. For decades, CBD has been in the gray area because cannabis fell under the Schedule 1 Controlled Substances List, a comprehensive list of drugs, chemicals, or substances that are illegal.

In the year 2014, the Agricultural Act or the Farm Bill introduced the idea of legalizing the cultivation of hemp.  It was not until 2018 that hemp and hemp-driven CBD received the legal status with the passing of a new Hemp Farm Bill 2018. The act made the cultivation, trade, and sale of CBD products, but it is still a highly regulated crop. There is a limit on the number of plants one can grow, and the content of THC, a psychoactive compound, must be 0.3% or less. Any product with less than 0.3% THC content doesn’t fall under controlled substances according to federal law. 

CBD, as an industry, is a highly unregulated one. Although the Farm Bill gave authority to the Food and Drug Authority or FDA to regulate cannabis-based products, there hasn’t been much control. FDA is following a similar policy as it does for all other products, but it might not be sufficient.

Efficacy of CBD products:

Since the passing of the Hemp Farm Act 2018, FDA is making efforts to regulate the industry. They are still in the stage of laying down the framework to control the manufacturers, products, contents, and their effects.

While they still have a long way to go in ensuring the CBD industry is entirely regulated, the one thing they did was give their approval to a CBD based medicine. Wonder what it is? Keep reading to find out.

In June 2018, the FDA gave the green light to a drug called Epidiolex, which contains CBD, making it the first approved drug derived from cannabis. The drug Epidiolex is useful for treating two severe forms of epilepsy, Dravet Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. These conditions ideally develop around early childhood and can cause severe seizures. Epidiolex can prove beneficial in reducing both the intensity and frequency of seizures. In a study, adults and children over the age of 2 received Epidiolex as a prescription drug. It was able to reduce seizures by 20% in people with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and 26% in patients who had Dravet Syndrome.  

There are a few other medications that are still under a review process at the FDA. Marinol and Syndros are cannabis-based drugs that can treat anorexia and weight loss in people with AIDS. They are currently available only in the US.

These efforts made by the FDA are helping to prove the efficacy of CBD in treating many physical and mental troubles. It can help in instilling the faith of people in cannabis-based products. 

Need for CBD quality control:

While the FDA is making strides in proving the efficacy of CBD based drugs, the products coming to the market are still unregulated. There is a severe lack of rules and regulations governing the manufacturers of CBD products. Even if there are rules, the companies fail to follow them and usually lie about the content, safety, and effectiveness of their products. There are many such instances wherein the manufacturers also add harmful substances that might adversely impact the health of users.

The current scenario highlights the need for strict rules pertaining to the quality of the products. As of now, the FDA only asks the consumers to buy products carefully from reputed brands. In order to keep a close check on the quality of their products and give consumers with trustworthy reports, manufacturers are opting for third-party testing. These testing companies have professionals who conduct thorough tests in the lab. They can provide information about the cannabinoid profile, terpenes profile, organic solvents, harmful metals, and other contaminants that might be present in CBD canada products.   

They follow strict guidelines for every batch and ensure that the results are accurate. When a third party conducts the tests even the customers can rely on them, as the chances of false results are very less. It is also helping the consumers buy quality products, with the accurate CBD content mentioned on them. Today it is not a difficult task to get quality CBD products and marijuana seeds. You can get high quality cheap seeds easily available in 2020 online and get the most out of it.

It is helping in regulating the market and ensuring that the products that get to the customers are safe. While it is not mandatory for the manufacturers to make their products go through a third-party quality test, many are adopting it. This practice is helping them give quality CBD products to their customers and instill faith in their brand. A small effort here will take them a long way. It may also pave the way for stringent rules for quality control in the entire CBD industry by pushing other manufacturers to follow the norms.  

Final Verdict

The cannabinoid CBD is already helping transform the lives of many people. From anxiety to insomnia, from acne to pain, it is becoming the organic solution for a wide array of health troubles. Although the CBD industry has come a long way in terms of new laws and evidence surrounding the benefits, there is still scope for more regulations. With strict rules, thorough quality checks, and full disclosure of contents, both manufacturers and customers will benefit greatly. It will certainly help strengthen the CBD industry.

Reference links:

https://canabidol.com/quality/

https://medium.com/quality-cbd/cbd-its-legality-efficacy-and-the-need-for-quality-control-67f43a67062e

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Cannabis and Stress [VIDEO]

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Cannabis Stress

Cannabis is rapidly becoming one of the most known substances that help individuals cope with mental health issues such as stress and anxiety. How exactly do our stress responses change in the presence of cannabis? Does cannabis actually relieve stress? This video considers the stress relieving effects of cannabis as it interacts with our body’s stress reaction system.

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Is It Safe to Use CBD While Pregnant?

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The use of CBD oil has been all the rage in recent years, thanks to its treatment and relief from a number of ailments including stress and pain. From lotions to beauty treatments, CBD therapeutic products are popping up everywhere. So it’s no surprise that pregnant mamas might reach for a CBD salve to help alleviate any of their uncomfortable pregnancy symptoms, like anxiety, nausea and sore feet.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid in the family of cannabinoids that can be found in marijuana.  Unlike THC — which is marijuana’s most active ingredient that leaves you feeling high — CBD is touted for its medicinal usage without leaving you feeling buzzed. “It is the sister that stays home and cleans the house, while the THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid, is the life of the party,” Dr. Mary Clifton, M.D., an NYC-based CBD and Cannabis expert, tells SheKnows.

Why Pregnant Women Might Want to Try it

“While there are pharmaceutical treatments for all these ailments, many health-conscious women want to use more natural treatments wherever possible. As a plant-based supplement, an increasing number of pregnant women are interested in CBD products,” Dr. Cheryl Bugailiskis, Cannabis Specialist at Heally, tells SheKnows.

The reasons are valid.

Clinical research has shown that CBD has demonstrated to relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as insomnia.

However, says Bugailiskis, the use of CBD during pregnancy remains “controversial.”

Why it’s controversial

“The FDA released a warning in October 2019 cautioning against the use of cannabis products, including CBD, while pregnant,” says Bugailiskis. “While CBD research remains limited at this time, some animal studies have shown impairment of fetuses when CBD was used. Lack of regulation of CBD products is also a concern – while reputable providers offer quality products, less scrupulous ones have been found to sell products contaminated with harmful chemicals.”

According to Dr. Sarah Melancon, Ph.D, a sociologist and clinical sexologist, who has done extensive research on CBD, sexuality and pregnancy, CBD increases the signaling of the cannabinoid anandamide (AEA), and, as a result, has a dose-dependent effect on aspects related to reproduction, “which is cause for concern,” she says. Melancon says high levels of AEA are associated with miscarriage in humans, particularly in the first trimester. “On the other hand, low levels of AEA help with implantation and placenta development,” she says. “AEA levels stay low during pregnancy, rising during the third trimester of pregnancy 2-4x and are connected with labor onset.” According to Melancon women with preterm labor/birth have higher levels of AEA, and even among premature births, “those with the highest levels of AEA delivered fastest.”

Since CBD can elevate AEA levels, Melancon says using CBD during pregnancy has the potential to cause miscarriage in the first trimester, as well as increased risk of preterm labor and birth.

“This is especially concerning, because many women may be using CBD before they know they are pregnant, which may be contributing to miscarriages,” she says. “More research is needed, but at present a better-safe-than-sorry approach is warranted.”

Studies that are available regarding CBD and pregnancy include women who have chosen to use cannabis during their pregnancies. These studies “support that the use of cannabinoids result in intrauterine growth retardation  — stunting the growth of the unborn baby,” says Clifton.

“At this point, studies suggest that there is not only risk to the growth to the fetus in general, but also that early exposure to cannabinoids may impact the developing brain,” she says. “Pregnant women should avoid the use of cannabinoid formulations.” While the research on CBD has remained limited, according to Clifton, the studies done “are consistent that the growth of the baby is affected.”

What can pregnant women use instead?

“There are a number of things that stimulate and balance the tone of encodcannabinoid system (ECS),” says Clifton. “Pinene, for example, from pine trees or more commonly pine nuts or basil, is excellent for the ECS. Limonene from lemons and other citrus is also delicious and helpful.  Beta Caryophyllene and the extracts from black pepper support the tone of the ECS marvelously.” She recommends talking with your essential oils expert — as well as those at Boomer Natural Wellness — since they carry products “that support ECS tone without exposure to cannabinoids.”

Looking for something completely natural and safe? Bugailiski says that “many women swear by ginger tea or candies to alleviate nausea. Some herbal teas and natural supplements can help with insomnia, and therapy is always an excellent option for dealing with depression or anxiety.”

A version of this story was published March 2020.

Before you go, check out our favorite workout recovery essentials: 

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Read more: sheknows.com

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How CBD Can Help You Cope with the Pandemic

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Here’s How to Use CBD Safely Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

While the current pandemic has caused many businesses, both small and large, to shut down, CBD products have received an unusually large amount of attention and an increase in sales volume. Although still not fully mainstream, CBD is growing increasingly popular during these difficult times as a coping method for many people.

There is a multitude of reasons behind stress during the Covid-19 pandemic, ranging from potential health problems to business shutdowns and job layoffs. Families are divided, businesses are struggling, and the public is living in fear as a whole. With the increase in anxiety, stress, and other mental health issues, CBD has become a focal point in their management. Even other areas of the world such as CBD Oil Costa Rica are taking leaps into the CBD realm to cope with the pandemic.

CBD and Stress

First, it is important that we clear some things up. CBD does not relieve stress and anxiety the way that THC in Cannabis, commonly known as Marijuana, does. CBD does not create a high feeling and does not have any psychoactive effects. CBD works by interacting with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in your body. Cortisol is known as the stress hormone. Increased levels of Cortisol can lead to stress, anxiety, and other mental health issues. CBD works by lowering the levels of Cortisol in your blood, thus reducing the effects that stress is having on your brain and body.

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CBD has also been proven to increase the production of Serotonin in the brain, which works hand in hand with the lowering of Cortisol. CBD eases anxiety and creates a more relaxed state of mind, which is especially important in the current situation.

Surprisingly, a group that has particularly benefited from incorporating CBD into their daily routine has proven to be students, both high school and college. Northwestern University has reported that the trend of their students using CBD to manage the stress associated with their college workload has significantly increased during the course of the pandemic. The uncertainty of the job market post-graduation in combination with the stress of virtual learning is driving students to find alternatives to stress and anxiety management other than medication.

CBD and Health

Health is a trending topic during the pandemic, as expected more people are searching for ways to not only boost their immunity but also treat their current conditions in a more natural and safer way that does not compromise their immune system. CBD has become the go-to choice for many people struggling with epilepsy, due to its anti-convulsant properties, as well as those struggling with illnesses that are caused by the inflammation of the body, such as IBS and arthritis. CBD lowers inflammation in the body and affects your brain receptors that are responsible for managing pain. It is a great option for those that are struggling with chronic pain or migraines. There have not been many negative side-effects reported as a result of the use of CBD, although more studies are being conducted to ensure the safety of the treatment.

CBD has become even more popular during the course of the pandemic as it is a safe and effective way to help you deal with the increased stress while also working to manage ongoing conditions you may be suffering with. CBD is a natural option for those that have trouble dealing with the pressures that the Covid-19 pandemic creates.

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