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Historical Icons You’re Not Aware to Have Used Cannabis

Jordan Webber

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Historical Icons Weed Users

No doubt, the role of cannabis has been entrenched in the long course of world history. From writers, politicians, scholars, musicians, to many other personalities, the use of this plant came as a major factor in the crafting of their historical contributions. In fact, many of the icons most people look up to have been proud drug-users. Curious about who could these people be? Read on:

Historical Icons Who Have Consumed Cannabis

#1:  Pablo Picasso

Yes, it seems like your jokes about those abstracted paintings are actually true after all. Pablo Picasso, one of the most influential artists in the 20th century, is a proud stoner. He is known to have used cannabis in a regular pattern.  Although contested, many even argue that the painter’s most important contribution to art, the Cubism, is a result of his use of psychotropic drugs. With Picasso’s relatively distinct art style, which veers away from the material world and tradition, it is believed that the Spanish artist’s use of drugs has affected his perception; thus, resulting to the creation of his most notable pieces known to the public, such as Guernica and Les Demoiselles D’avignon.

#2: Friedrich Nietzsche

The life of the postmodernist and antichrist philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, has not been a smooth one. Tagged as a madman and inflicted by a serious medical condition, Nietzsche turned to drugs to counter the pain and other negativities, particularly through opium and marijuana. He has experimented on drugs at an early age and is even believed that it was during his “high” moods that he was able to write The Genealogy of Morals, one of his most renowned philosophical works.

#3: Alexandre Dumas

Yes, you’ve read that right. The Count on Monte Cristo writer is an avid marijuana-user. In fact, during the 19th century, Dumas is part of the group called Club Des Hashishchins, or Club of Hashish-Eaters, which composed of artists who believe smoking weed could further enhance the literary minds of writers. Aside from Dumas, other notable writers involved in the Parisian group are Charles Baudelaire, Jacques-Joseph Moreau, Victor Hugo, and Eugène Delacroix. Many argue that Dumas’ The Three Musketeers is a product of this drug exploration.

#4: Egyptian Pharaohs

The ancient Egyptian civilization, which bears a rich and distinct past, is said to exhibit various cannabis-related activities. In fact, the pharaohs, which served as the chosen leaders of the ancient Egyptians, are passionate marijuana-users. Just recently, traces of cannabis pollen are said to be retrieved from the mummy of Rameses II, known to be the most powerful and greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom. Different records of cannabis prescription for medical treatment were also discovered in the ancient mystical kingdom.

#5: Joan of Arc

The historical heroine who had led the French Army to victory at an early age of 18 is said to be a marijuana-user. Coming from a small village known for various medical herbs, Joan has experimented on different cannabis plant and was even believed that her enthusiasm for these herbs was one of the reasons why she was burned at stake. It was even argued that she was in ‘high’ state when she had led the French army to their historic victory against the English at Orléans.

From the political, artistical, to the philosophical arena, the use of cannabis has long been a subject of debate and conflict. With the lengthy list of different historical personalities who used the Cannabis for different purposes, many cannot help but wonder how these psychoactive drugs have contributed to the emergence of these notable people in history.

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Arts & Culture

3 Magic Realism Works that Give a Marijuana High Feeling

Stacey Wellington

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Magic Realism

For cannabis enthusiasts, recreating the feeling of a marijuana high is one of the best feelings in the world. This is true especially if you are able to replicate the exhilaration, creative rush and wonder that the plant has to offer. If this is what you are looking for, then you might want to look into magical realism.

What is Magic Realism and how does it relate to cannabis?

Magic realism is basically the telling of reality in a magical way. It is also known as magical realism and marvellous realism. In many forms of art, especially in literature, this movement is known to produce masterpieces that are grounded in reality but infused with hints of magic.

 Often, the act of experiencing these types of cultural products are described as being “dream-like.” The same description can be given when explaining the feeling of a marijuana high. Not only can the plant give a magical feeling, but also a stimulating and invigorating sense. 

Works of Magical Realism for Cannabis Enthusiasts

If you are intrigued by this literary movement, here are some works that can give you a feeling similar to what the plant provides:

One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia

First on our list is Colombian writer and Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Gabo is known to write in different styles, but his most celebrated work is One Hundred Years of Solitude, known as one of the hallmarks of magic realism.

This complicated novel tells the story of the Buendia clan in the fictional town of Macondo across various generations. With exaggerated descriptions, creating a mystical quality to the setting and story, this novel will surely capture the attention of cannabis lovers.

The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende

Isabel Allende, another Latin American writer, is also known for her magical realist works. Like Gabo’s Solitude, The House of the Spirits is a multigenerational story about the Trueba family. With social, historical and political underpinnings, this will tickle the fancy of marijuana-lovers who love historical family drama.

Now, this seemingly normal plot turns magical realist when you come across the psychic abilities of some characters. Not to mention the exploration of the concept of destiny and the ghosts of dead characters! If that does not sound fun to read when consuming marijuana, then we don’t know what is.

The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka

With the casual use of the term Kafkaesque nowadays, we bet that you have read or at least heard of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. This tells the story of a salesman named Gregor Samsa woke up from a nightmarish stupor only to find himself transformed into a gigantic insect (some say cockroach, some say beetle).

This surreal event combined with the mundanity of his actions is a great indication of marvellous realism. From waking up late to cleaning the place, all the while wondering if he is still himself, Gregor was indeed stuck in a Kafkaesque (and a magical realist) situation.

As a cannabis enthusiast, you may find yourself wondering the same philosophical things, especially with the cognitive enhancements’ marijuana provides. What does it mean to be yourself? What is the self, even? You can definitely consume the plant and ponder about these things. Just make sure that you do not consume too much of the plant or you might end up like Gregor.

Marijuana high is certainly a good feeling but being able to experience it in the literary works you consume is a whole new level of awesome. Plus, you can enhance your experience by reading these works while consuming the plant!

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Arts & Culture

4 Philosophers Who Love Cannabis

Daniel King

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Famous Philosophers and Cannabis

Over the centuries, the metaphor of a philosopher with his head in the clouds has continued to make a lasting impression upon the public’s view of philosophy. However, although this vivid depiction intends to metaphorize man’s innate lust for wonder, some philosophers have managed to give the phrase a ‘greener’ meaning.

Got a clue on what’s that supposed to mean? Believe it or not, there comes a lengthy list of philosophers who have been high above the clouds with a little help from the cannabis plant.

Here, we have compiled 4 philosophers who are believed to be cannabis enthusiasts.

Check them out:

Friedrich Nietzsche

What better way to start our list other than one of the most influential philosophers and cultural critics of the modern world? Friedrich Nietzsche, the all-time favorite antichrist, is reported to have used a diverse array of drugs in his lifetime. This includes opium, potassium bromide, chloral hydrate, and yes … cannabis (through hashish).

Due to chronic migraines, nausea, and convulsions, Nietzsche is believed to have frequently took different drugs, with opium being his favorite. In fact, in a letter to his close friends, the German thinker wrote: “To this, I think, sensible insight into the state of things I have come after taking a huge dose of opium—in desperation. But instead of losing my reason as a result, I seem at last to have come to reason.”

 

Walter Benjamin

While our first contender used drugs for pain-relief, our second philosopher turned to cannabis not as an escape but a doorway to reality. For Walter Benjamin, the “high” sensation bought by the green plant enabled him to explore the world and its realities. A philosopher, a cultural critic, and an essayist, Benjamin took his love for hashish as a form of creative process that extends him to the inner mechanisms of the world.

In fact, in his writings, Benjamin surprised his readers with an almost euphoric spirit that displayed the philosopher’s commitment to the avant-garde. In one of his works, he went to write: “You become so sensitive: fearing a shadow would damage the paper on which it is falling … The claims of space and time of the hashish eater now come to bear; and they are regal … eternity does not last too long.”

 

René Descartes

René Descartes, the Father of Modern Philosophy, is believed to have smoked marijuana during his stay in Breda. In fact, in one particular book, entitled “Cogito Ergo Sum: The Life of Rene’ Descartes,” writer Richard Watson argued about the possibility of the French philosopher being a cannabis user. In the book, Watson explained how Descartes’ timeline conjuncts with the period tobacco use were fairly prolific throughout Europe.

Before this claim, a few have already claimed that Descartes was a marijuana enthusiast and was in the midst of his “high” times when he wrote his masterpiece, “Meditations on First Philosophy.”

 

Oscar Wilde

Although considered mainly as an artist rather than a philosopher, Wilde’s undeniable contribution to the philosophy of beauty and art won him a place in this list. For centuries, the writer of “The Picture of Dorian Gray” is rumored to have smoked marijuana. In fact, in one particular book, entitled “Oscar Wilde and Weeds,” Christopher McGriddle has compiled a pocket-sized collection of classic photographs of Oscar Wilde with beautiful marijuana photos.

What better way to transcend the Self other than the strong flavor of cannabis soothing the body and soul? Have a taste of these philosophers’ favorite green plant and experience for yourself the unfathomable joy of philosophy and marijuana.

 

 

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Arts & Culture

Chinese Tombs With Cannabis Traces Found

Stacey Wellington

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Chinese Tombs with Cannabis

Researchers in China have discovered traces of cannabis from tombs hailing from western China. According to CNN, the first directive evidence found about the use of cannabis can be traced back to a 2,500-year-old tomb. This is considered as the first clear and known evidence of humans using cannabis.

Strong Evidence

The Atlantic reports that researchers from China and Germany found braziers as the strongest evidence of humans using this plant. These braziers, also known as wooden incense burners, reportedly contain high levels of THC from cannabis.

The team of scientists were able to identify the sample obtained from the burners through vaporizing a sample. Afterwards, The Atlantic states that the scientists painstakingly separated its components and classified the level of chemicals found within the compounds.

Chinese Tomb with Cannabis

Wooden brazier found at Jirzankal Cemetery with traces of Cannabis | © Xinhua Wu

Apart from finding burners at the Jirzankal Cemetery, researchers were also able to dig up human bones. The origins of the human bones point to individuals coming from a variety of places, including Pamirs that were previously part of the Silk Road.

Such findings led the scientists to link cannabis to these individuals, with individuals suggesting that these plants may have been traded in the Silk Road.

Besides burners, the team successfully retrieved numerous artifacts. These include wooden bowls and plates, glass beads, harps, pieces of silk, and pieces of skulls and human bones, reports the New York Times.

Discovery of Different Uses of Cannabis

Compared to more modern uses of marijuana, the traces of cannabis found at the Jirzankal Cemetery were found to contain higher traces of THC, the psychoactive compound. Based on the report released by BBC, it appears that ancient individuals put marijuana leaves on top of hot stones and inhaled the smoke.

BBC notes that the high altitude of the region resulted in marijuana plants naturally producing plants with higher THC levels.

Apart from these suggested uses, scientists suggest that marijuana leaves were used for burial ceremonies as a means to communicate with souls or the divinity. The Atlantic reports that burning these plants also served as a vessel to safely guide and move the deceased towards the afterlife. The news site also mentions that cannabis may have been used to alter the mind and talk with divine entities.

Given the high levels of THC found in these plants, marijuana may also be used for deodorizing corpses.

The study of this tomb and its connection with marijuana was published in the journal of Science Advances, notes the New York Times.

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