Cannabis has a long history, but how far does its story go back to? Considered as a worldwide crop which is the oldest plant in the history of humanity, it is interesting to learn about the key events in the long history of the plant. Read on to find out the most important events in its story:
Hemp in the Ancient Times
If you think that marijuana only emerged in modern times, then think again. The plant has existed for thousands of years now. There were records of it being used in Ancient European, Asian and African civilizations, making it a truly global herb. Check out how it was used in ancient times.
Applications of Cannabis:
Spirituality and Religion
Perhaps one of the most primary uses of marijuana during this age is for spirituality and religion. Ancient texts bear witness to the religious purpose of cannabis. The Vedas of ancient India goes as far back as 2,000 BC, mentioning cannabis as one of the five sacred plants. Shinto and Buddhist literature also mentions the herb as an aid for meditation.
Aside from aiding in spiritual rites, cannabis was also used to treat all kinds of medical conditions. The Chinese people have a legendary leader who prescribed cannabis tea for a variety of medical conditions. This includes rheumatism, poor memory and gout.
There were also records of medical use in India, Egypt and Japan, which is implemented to treat cough, anxiety, inflammation and constipation. It was also used as an anesthetic.
As spirituality and healing are closely related in ancient times, it is important to mention that some studies assert that Jesus used hemp oil as an anointing oil to cure the sick. Researchers say that the Scriptures refers to it as keneh-bosem (or kaneh-bosm) in Aramaic.
Trade and Industry
In ancient times, the plant was not only consumed but also used for practical and industrial purposes. Hemp is a highly fibrous herb, making it a good crop for textiles, papers, ropes and many other industrial products.
Who Smoked the First Blunt?
This question pops up on every smoker’s mind. In fact, even non-smokers may be curious as to who discovered that this plant can be smoked and consumed. Cannabis legend and High Times editor-in-chief says that our ancestors from Bactria (now part of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan) discovered the psychoactive properties of cannabis through burning the plant in caves and shelters. However, it is difficult to determine who exactly smoked the first blunt.
Earliest Evidence of Marijuana Use
Scientists believe that the crop came from Central Asia, which includes the modern-day countries that cover the ancient place that is Bactria. While Hager says that the herb came from what is now known as parts of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, other scientists say that it emerged from what is now called Siberia (the southern part) and Mongolia.
Researchers say that the use of cannabis can be traced back to 12,000 years ago, making it one of the oldest crops in the world. The oldest texts that mention the consumption of the cannabis dates as far back as 4,000 B.C. in China.
However, it is only recently when experts discovered direct evidence of humans consuming marijuana. A 2,500-year-old burial site in Western China was found to have traces of the plant with high contents of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the mind-altering compound in cannabis. Theories say that it was used for ritualistic burials or for its psychoactive effects.
The Medieval Age and Cannabis
Also called post-classical age, the medieval times was another eventful time for cannabis. With the various imperialistic endeavors during this age, the world saw marijuana’s evolution in the medieval age.
Applications of Cannabis:
Alchemy and Herbalism
As a medieval forerunner of chemistry, alchemists experimented with what the plant has to offer. Alchemists (the medieval equivalent of modern-day scientists) used marijuana incense and other extracts from the plant for medicinal purposes. Some historians say that religious hospitals grew hemp for the same reason.
However, herbalist physicians warned people against the excessive use of the plant. These individuals believe that over consumption can lead to infertility and even serious medical conditions.
A lot of writers and thinkers of the time have consumed marijuana. Even the prolific William Shakespeare was believed to have taken this herb, which may have resulted in his creative writing.
The plant arrived at Eastern Africa when Arab traders came to the region in 1,300 BCE. They brought cannabis to treat various illnesses such as malaria, asthma and dysentery. Meanwhile, the Spanish Conquest in 1,500 BCE brought the plant to the Americas. The colonists used their hemp crops for industrial purposes, making ropes and textiles using its fibers.
Wine and ‘Hashish’
During medieval times, the wine was banned in the Middle East. This led the people to turn to hashish, allowing them to get intoxicated without breaking the law.
How the Modern World Perceives Cannabis
Now that we know how the herb was used in the ancient and medieval ages, we now come to our own time: the modern age. While you are familiar with how the public views marijuana today, there are several important events that can influence the future of the plant.
Applications of Cannabis:
With the debate going on regarding the usefulness of the plant, one of the first things you should know is that cannabis is used for:
Just like in the ancient and medieval ages, this herb is used today as an effective addition to medical treatments. However, it is essential to note that we now have a better understanding of the medicinal effects of the cannabis. We currently have deeper knowledge about the chemical compounds of hemp, especially cannabidiol (CBD), and its effects on the human body thanks to the endocannabinoid system.
With this, we know how and why the plant can reduce, alleviate, treat and prevent various medical conditions of the body. These include cancer, epilepsy, mental disorders, inflammation, pain and brain degeneration diseases, just to name a few.
In the medieval age, humans used marijuana for leisure. The same is still true today, especially with the legalization of the crop in many parts of the world. Many individuals use the plant for its medicinal properties, but many others enjoy their psychoactive effects thanks to THC.
Aside from recreational usage, the herb is also popular as a lifestyle aid. The group of writers and thinkers called Le Club Des Haschischins (or the Hashish Club) in mid-19th century consumed the plant. While the medieval age has shown how it is well-used as a creativity aid through various works, it is generally used as a lifestyle aid in modern times. Many people now recognize the plant’s potential not only as medical, recreational and creative aid but also as a productivity aid and mood enhancer.
The popularity of CBD has enabled professionals, creatives and scholars the boost in energy, cognition and creativity they need to become more productive. In fact, it has the potential to greatly increase the quality of life of many working individuals.
Trade and Industry
The passing of Farm Bill 2018 in the United States signals the return of hemp as an industrial crop. This means that Americans will be able to enjoy hemp-derived products from oils, papers, textiles and many other industrial products.
Aside from this, there are speculations that marijuana can become an energy crop. Researchers are looking into its potential as a biodiesel source, especially as it produces a large amount. Compared to the current energy crop, soybeans, hemp can turn up to 4 times more oil per acre.
War on Drugs
One of the most important cannabis-related events in the globe is its inclusion in the war on drugs. There are drugs wars being waged across the world, aiming to eradicate the use of illicit substances including LSD, cocaine, fentanyl, and unfortunately, marijuana.
The U.S. is one of the countries that are waging these types of war. Since the enactment of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, the country has federally banned the herb. Other countries that are executing the initiative includes Mexico, Bangladesh, the Philippines, China, Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore among others.
Only 2 countries have nationally legalized the herb for any use: Uruguay and Canada. However, there are a lot more others with favorable medical marijuana laws, including Thailand, Chile and Croatia. In the U.S., 33 states legalized medical marijuana, eleven of which including Washington, D.C. have legalized recreational use. Meanwhile, many parts of the world are looking into legalizing the herb, getting us nearer to worldwide legalization.
Today, cannabis is one of the most widely consumed and beloved natural crops. When combined with the mounting research pertaining to the medical attributes of the plant, even legal recreational use can become possible. With its legalization in some parts and its impending legalization in others, many places across the globe will once again be able to serve its people with the goodness that is marijuana and all its benefits.
Celebrating World Philosophy Day with Cannabis
For some people, philosophy is one of the most important branches of the humanities as it helps shed light on virtually everything under the sun. Because of this, some take philosophy classes and get philo degrees, while others read and practice it during their own free time. If you appreciate what this field has to offer, you might want to commemorate World Philosophy Day in the best way you can.
Celebrated every third Thursday in November, World Philosophy Day has been observed since 2002. This year, people will be taking part in its celebrations on November 21. Cannabis enthusiasts might want to participate with no other than our beloved plant. Curious as to how you can use cannabis to practice philosophy? Here’s what you need to know.
Why Celebrate Philosophy Day with Cannabis?
As an enthusiast of both cannabis and philosophy, you probably know that the plant can help you focus and have a clearer and relaxed mind. However, it is important to know how it can do so. Let’s start by talking about the human body. Our body is equipped to process marijuana and its cannabinoids.
Why? Because we have a system to absorb and use the chemical compounds contained by the plant. In fact, our body even produces its own cannabinoids. This is why we are able to reap the benefits the plant has to offer. Now, these compounds interact with receptors placed in different systems in our body. There are cannabinoid receptors in the nervous, digestive and immunes systems. When cannabinoids bind with these receptors, we are able to feel the effects.
For philosophizing, the cannabinoids cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can help improve your experience. The CB1 and CB2 receptors in the nervous system allows us to process THC and CBD efficiently and effectively. THC, which has the psychoactive effects, give users the unique creativity used in spouting what is now called “stoner philosophy.” Meanwhile, CBD gives more focused and creative thinking. This is because the compound incites a calm, yet energizing effect, that improves cognitive functions.
How to Celebrate with Cannabis Products
Now that you know how exactly the plant can help make the most out of World Philosophy Day. To celebrate the day with the plant, here are some things you can do.
- Gather Your Philosopher Friends
The thing about philosophy is that anyone can be a philosopher (but not everyone can philosophize, as the saying goes). Philosophers used to gather around a table and discuss a wide array of topics. Great philosophers such as Jean-Paul Sartre and Simon de Beauvoir used to sit in Café de Flore with their other thinker friends.
So, if you want to celebrate this day just like how these thinkers did, it is a good idea to gather them and start a roundtable discussion to exercise your minds. Of course, you can have any snack or beverage you want, including cannabis edibles.
- Drink CBD Oil-Infused Coffee
When the powerhouse couple Sartre and de Beauvoir gathered with their friends, they usually gathered in coffee shops. In fact, many great philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, Voltaire and Soren Kierkegaard were all coffee drinkers. During your roundtable discussion, why not serve CBD-infused bullet coffee with your friends? This can energize your body and mind even more while giving you a cognitive boost.
You can even drink one while you stay at home and read, write, think and observe. Remember, reading, writing and thinking may be important parts of philosophizing but taking the time to observe is another valuable part of it.
So, sit back, relax and do your thing as you ponder the world’s machinations. While you’re at it, take the time to prepare a cannabis-infused treat to help you move your thoughts along.
What You Can Expect from Canada’s Cannabis 2.0
In the past week, Canada entered the second phase of its cannabis legalization. Now, more than ever, the country is focusing its efforts towards improving recreational marijuana for the whole market.
While Canadian regulators were quick to provide input and legislations with using marijuana leaves and CBD products, the government seemingly took some time in coming out with regulations for cannabis-derived products, such as CBD oil edibles, vaping products, and even beverages.
Now that there are new rules in place, individuals who are just getting used to the laws in place might be a bit confused now that there are more products on the market. If you are one of these individuals, make sure to read ‘til the end to know what you can expect during the second wave of marijuana legalization in Canada.
What Exactly is Cannabis 2.0?
In a nutshell, Canada’s cannabis 2.0 is the second phase of marijuana legalization in the country. In particular, the Canadian government finally approved marijuana derivates into the market. Under this new wave, the market already welcomed a slew of cannabis edibles, CBD extracts, vaping pens and paraphernalia, and beverages. The second installment came one year after the country finally legalized recreational marijuana use.
What Phase 2 Means for Canada
This momentous occasion marks Canada’s foray into a wider market and newer product categories available to the public. By exploring this relatively untapped market, Canada’s marijuana industry could reach up to a whopping 2.7 billion Canadian dollars.
At the same time, this new venture means more attractive business opportunities not just for individuals in the nation, but also for interested companies who are looking to invest in the country. More than this, the second phase of legalizations brings increased awareness not just to the benefits of using recreational marijuana derivatives, but also to the implications of using these cannabis products as part of daily life.
Things to Expect from Cannabis 2.0
- Cannabis Products to Grace the Market
Although it may be quite obvious, it is still worth noting that the Canadian market is slated to welcome more cannabis products onto its already growing sector. Some of the highly anticipated products on the market included edibles, beverages, vaping goods and accessories, and the like.
Though the public will be on their toes in anticipation of new goods on the market, potential customers and businesses alike can expect trepidation when it comes to using vapes, especially after numerous health scares and vaping-related illnesses in various parts of the United States and even Canada. Medical professionals believe that when vaped, marijuana oils could potentially have a harmful effect, which is why further studies in the field need to be conducted.
- Different Market Strategies
Individuals who are anticipating new businesses who sought approval from the Canadian health government can expect the employment of different marketing strategies. For example, Aurora Cannabis aims to provide its goods – including concentrates, edibles, and vapes – at a more affordable rate while still preserving its use of high-quality marijuana.
At the core of this company is its expansive range of edibles, with baked goods, chocolates, and gummies taking lead to invite consumers to take part in their offerings. Alongside this, the company maintains that its ability to produce numerous goods and meet market demands will set it apart from other competitors in the field.
- Delayed Public Launches
Granted the marketability of these goods holds so much potential, audiences awaiting production for these items can expect a delay in public launches. For one, companies who applied for their licenses must wait 60 days to be approved by Health Canada. Not to mention, there are still inspections and assessments to be made within the industry.
Are you ready to watch these historic events unfold? Keep your eyes peeled for new cannabis derivatives and you might just be lucky enough to score one once these roll out in stores near you.
4 Horror Writers to Read While Taking CBD Edibles this Halloween
This coming Halloween, you might want to stay indoors with a book in hand as the sound of kids trick or treating emanate from outside the house. If this is what you have in mind for Halloween, you might want to complete the experience by taking CBD. Here are some works you can check out while consuming cannabidiol.
Writers Whose Works Go Well with CBD Products
Edgar Allan Poe
Let’s start this list with a pillar of gothic literature, Edgar Allan Poe. Known for his mystery and macabre works, Poe is celebrated as THE writer of the gothic era. His works exude a feeling of terror combined with romantic and supernatural elements. Considered as the best example not only of gothic literature but of the horror fiction genre as a whole, Poe’s story titled The Fall of the House of Usher shows masterful use of setting and narration to create an intricate picture of Roderick Usher, his home and how his mind works.
As Poe’s works are usually rich in detail, intaking CBD edibles can help readers catch every little element that contributes to his stories. As cannabidiol helps boost cognition, you are sure to observe every little detail of the story that lends to the horror of the story, from the description of Usher and his house to the narrator’s account.
Famous for her work Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus, Mary Shelley is another writer you should definitely check out this Halloween. Frankenstein is another notable gothic work that is famous not only because of the elements of horror it contains but also because of the existential question the novel poses.
When you read Frankenstein while taking CBD, you are in for an exciting yet perplexing ride. The cannabinoid is known to boost not only cognition but also creativity, making it a perfect companion for such a thought-provoking piece such as Frankenstein. By taking cannabidiol while going through Shelley’s work, you can be in the right mood to answer the question of who the real monster is in the story.
Prolific horror writer Stephen King has churned out a whole lot of stories and novels all with horror themes. From IT and Dreamcatcher to Pet Sematary and The Shining, his stories have become so popular that they have been adapted to movies. King has also written non-horror works such as The Green Mile, The Shawshank Redemption and Eyes of the Dragon.
No horror fan has never heard of King’s work. With the sheer number of all his works, including those he wrote as Richard Bachman, you may need mental and physical energy to discover the horrors and delights his works offer. CBD is known to boost energy, which can help you go through one book, and another and another and another.
Acknowledged by King as “the future of horror,” Clive Barker’s works are regarded by many as a notable horror author. His stories have been adapted to movies as well, including The Hellbound Heart (the Hellraiser movie franchise), Dread and Candyman.
You might want to sit back and relax as you read Barker’s works. From the sadomasochistic creatures from The Hellbound Heart to the horrific stories from the Books of Blood, you are bound to encounter a wide variety of horror-themed ideas laced with trippy imageries. CBD can certainly help you get into a calm yet alert mood, perfect for reading Barker’s stories.
Being able to enjoy your night with a great horror book is definitely one of the things you can look forward to this coming Halloween. With the help of CBD, you can enhance your experience and take it to a whole new level.
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